Google anything about armodafinil like “How do I know when to increase armodafinil dosage?” For a sharp-eyed individual, retrieved results include great revelations. It’s a brother to famous modafinil. Praises are all about its powerful effects and how you can easily get it online from the best legit vendor. True to say that armodafinil is a bit confusing when it comes to its dosage. How much should you take and what to expect?
Indeed, unlike a dose a doctor can prescribe, taking it off-label requires being informed. Let’s get to know the power of armodafinil, expected negative effects, its regular prescription doses, some dosing recommendations, tips about microdosing armodafinil, and how much you should take for a certain health remedy. At the end of the article, we’ll reveal the best online armodafinil vendors that offer this wonder med without a prescription provided that you know how to administer it.
Let’s get started!
What Is Armodafinil?
Armodafinil is an active ingredient marketed under the trade name Nuvigil®. It belongs to a class of meds classified as wakefulness-promoting agents. This medicine is the enantiopure compound of the famous eugeroic modafinil available under the trade name Provigil®. Unlike the latter that consists of two enantiomers – the R-(−)- and S-(+)-enantiomers, armodafinil consists of only the (R)-(−)-enantiomer of the racemic modafinil.
Armodafinil is produced by the global pharmaceutical giant – Cephalon, Inc. & was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2007 – nine years after the approval of its brother – modafinil. In 2016, the FDA granted Mylan, another big pharmaceutical company, the rights for the first generic version of Cephalon’s Nuvigil® to be marketed in the United States. Since its patent expiry, several manufacturers from India have access to the production of generic armodafinil meds.
This medicine has a longer half-life than modafinil. The R-enantiomer has a half-life of 10–14 hours compared to 3–4 hours, the half-life of the S-enantiomer. Due to this, it may be more effective at ameliorating wakefulness in patients with excessive daytime sleepiness .
The FDA approved this med to treat extreme daytime sleepiness due to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), narcolepsy, and shift work sleep disorder (SWSD). However, there are various uses of armodafinil aside from its approved usage. Doctors can prescribe it off-label to treat other health conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), chronic fatigue syndrome, depression, jet lag, multiple sclerosis-induced fatigue, myotonic dystrophy, age-related memory decline, major depressive disorder, Alzheimer’s disease, cognitive impairment in schizophrenia, idiopathic hypersomnia, post-anesthesia grogginess, and others.
Armodafinil not only has a waking effect but is also widely known for its mood-brightening, relaxing, motivation- & memory-augmenting effects. However, it induces an experience that is far less forceful, recreational, & euphoric unlike the traditional stimulants such as amphetamine. Although it was originally developed as a go-to potent remedy for narcolepsy & related sleep disorders, it’s often used off-label by students, scientists, airline pilots, cellists, & judges to ameliorate attention, memory, & learning.
Armodafinil med is of high interest to various global militaries just for ameliorating alertness & decreasing battle fatigue. Aside from students using it to augment cognition and mental acuity, various employees, great hard-working professionals, top business executives, inclusive of IT programmers, take armodafinil nootropics for a late night’s work to ameliorate productivity or augment their cognition.
Due to its safety & top-notch profile, armodafinil, also dubbed as a “smart pill,” can be used by any person, be it a healthy person who desires to perform better by enhancing their cognitive reactions, having an urge to work late (for continued hours), and remain awake during lengthy missions or competitive tasks that necessitate several hours, or generally to enliven their moods.
That’s the sole use of armodafinil. What about its mechanism of action? Although its mode of action is not 100% understood, scientists know that armodafinil has wake-encouraging actions similar to sympathomimetic agents including methylphenidate & amphetamine. Indeed, armodafinil med is an indirect dopamine receptor agonist. It binds to the dopamine transporter (DAT) & inhibits dopamine reuptake, thus raising its concentration in the brain.
Dopamine is a chemical messenger that plays a prime role in your brain that involves reward-seeking, memory, attention, motivation, & even regulating body movements among other significant roles in the body. Having insufficient levels in the brain may negatively affect individual mood, memory, & motivation. Armodafinil also increases the concentration of other similar neurotransmitters like histamine and orexin, which rewards with other benefits.
In addition to its wake-encouraging effects & the ability to foster locomotor activity, armodafinil produces psychoactive & euphoric effects. It powerfully alters individual mood, thinking, perception, & feelings.
Armodafinil Side Effects & Warnings
As with any medicine used to treat a certain health problem, side effects cannot be 100% avoided while on armodafinil.
A commonly reported negative reaction is a headache. Other expected symptoms include:
- skin rash;
This is not a comprehensive list . This reference has fuller information on armodafinil’s adverse effects requiring immediate medical specialist attention. Take note that medication adherence is paramount. Do not overdose on armodafinil by taking it twice a day or so. Get to know the dosage guide below to safely use the drug and experience its great effects or effectively treat the underlying condition as prescribed by a doctor.
Symptoms of overdose that may occur while taking armodafinil and require immediate emergency help include:
- dry mouth;
- pain or discomfort in the chest;
- blurred vision;
- lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting;
- pounding in the ears;
- trouble sleeping;
- hearing, seeing, or feeling things that aren’t there;
- slow heartbeat;
- unusual weakness/tiredness.
Although not all of these problems may occur, if they do exist, they may require dedicated medical specialist involvement.
Besides, armodafinil comes with warnings and contraindications. Take note of this before starting to use the med. It may result in adverse health problems that may finally claim your life. The following health conditions are contraindicated with armodafinil:
- manic behavior;
- suicidal thoughts;
- psychotic disorder;
- high blood pressure;
- left ventricular hypertrophy;
- severe liver disease;
- mitral valve prolapse syndrome.
Although it is not known if armodafinil affects pregnancy, discuss the same with a doctor for the risks associated if you are pregnant or planning to be pregnant. The same applies to nursing mothers .
Regular Prescription Armodafinil Doses
Armodafinil is available in 50, 150, 200, and 250 mg dose strengths, and it’s used to foster wakefulness in patients diagnosed with excessive sleepiness associated with OSA, SWSD & narcolepsy. The recommended doses are as follows:
- for narcolepsy, 150–250 mg of armodafinil administered once a day in the morn;
- for OSA, 150–250 mg ingested orally once a day in the morn; doses up to 250 mg/day have been well-tolerated, but studies depict that there is no consistent evidence of an added benefit of armodafinil dose above 150 mg/day;
- for SWSD, 150 mg ingested orally once a day approx. 1 hour earlier when planning for the work shift.
As seen, the dosage varies depending on various factors including the effectiveness of the dose strength taken and the state of the condition being treated. Let’s get to discover more about other armodafinil dosage considerations.
Some Dosing Recommendations
Being honest and self-aware is paramount when it comes to identifying the right armodafinil dose for your needs. If you have used a nootropic like modafinil in the past and want to test armodafinil, a good rule of thumb is that 200 mg of modafinil is the same as 150 mg of armodafinil. It has the same benefits concerning its duration & degree of any productivity or cognition-ameliorating effects.
So if you understand modafinil dosing guidelines, you’ll have to do some experiments with armodafinil. Usually, armodafinil 150 mg is the starting dose for most patients that should be taken once in 24 hrs, and it can be increased up to the dose of 250 mg to powerfully reduce fatigue without any perceptible change in the frequency of negative effects .
As seen, 150 mg & 250 mg doses reward with the same effects. So this does not necessarily mean that more mg is better. A 2006 study in patients suffering from extreme sleepiness associated with narcolepsy found that an armodafinil dose of 150 mg is equally as effective as 250 mg for ameliorating wakefulness, enhancing memory, & reducing fatigue .
From the study, there were no changes in side effect severity or frequency reported with either dose. This revelation shows that the highest dosage of armodafinil is not always the most ultimate choice.
Indeed, you might have assumed that the higher the dose, the better experience. However, the perfect armodafinil dosage is entirely based on individual health & the “smart drug” needs. Maybe you just want to overcome sleepiness, so the lower doses can help solve this problem. Another person can perceive that a higher dose will reward with insanely great and stupendous cognitive function or vigilance. However, that’s not the case. Higher doses have the same effect as lower doses, and it’s best to stick with the recommended 150 mg tab of armodafinil per day.
Use this standard armodafinil dose strength for nootropic purposes & it will proffer you 8–13+ hrs of unadulterated focus, mental acuity & concentration. However, if you’re looking for a boosted or lessened cognitive augmentation effect, here are some other armodafinil dosage recommendations.
|50–75 mg||There’s no big deal about this dose. It’s only a great point to start for “smart pill” beginners or any person who has a known history of high sensitivity to stimulants. Also, this dose isn’t too strong, but it can offer solid cognitive benefit for about 6 to 7 hrs before the “high” wears off.|
Take note that the 75 mg dose of armodafinil is not available. You only need to take the standard 150 mg tab and split it into half and take one half. Ideally, this dose strength is best for users who want to ameliorate their focus or mental acuity for a shorter period.
|150 mg||As the ideal armodafinil dosage for medical purposes, productivity-boosting and cognition-ameliorating effects, it is often said to be equivalent to 200 mg of modafinil in terms of efficacy & safety. “Smart pill” enthusiasts usually take this dose, as the comparison has been advocated in scientific reviews involving adult patients diagnosed with excessive daytime sleepiness caused by SWSD. The study demonstrated no difference in the efficacy of armodafinil 150 mg over modafinil 200 mg .|
|225–250 mg||If looking to stay productive and focused a little bit longer, the 225 mg dose could easily be achieved by using 1 and a half tabs of 150 mg. As earlier said, there’s no point in taking too high doses if the standard prescription dose works well for most people & provides no negative effects. Using armodafinil doses of 225 mg and 250 mg rewards users with the same effect as the 150 mg tab. Nevertheless, this dosage remains an option for “smart drug” enthusiasts who want about 12–14+ hours of improved focus, enhanced mental acuity and who want to feel a significant difference with the higher armodafinil dosage compared to the 75 mg tab.|
|300 mg||For the majority of test subjects, a 300 mg dose of armodafinil is simply too strong. For some individuals, the enhancement in brainpower may be overwhelming & can lead to negative effects such as irritability & insomnia. However, it may be beneficial to some people who are “big” (think 199+ lbs., 6–7 feet tall) & happen to metabolize armodafinil briskly than the average user.|
Although some individuals feel good after taking this dosage according to a study, we do not recommend it . If you consider using 300 mg, make sure you’ve consulted with a medical specialist and you are doing it at a frequency of no more than 2 times per week. Your ideal doses should be consistent – at least 3 days apart from each other to help regulate the sleep-wake cycle and avoid the complication of side effects if present.
Nonetheless, armodafinil doses of up to 400 mg/day may work well for some individuals, and it’s upon your medical specialist to prescribe you this dose if treating narcolepsy or any health problem that requires enhanced plasma concentration of armodafinil .
About Microdosing Armodafinil
New to the nootropic field? Novice “smart pill” users consider microdosing armodafinil, an experience that involves taking anything lower than 50% of the recommended dose.
Getting the perfect armodafinil microdose entails some experimentation on your part because there exist no publications about a minuscule armodafinil dose taken over time for augmenting individual cognition.
A perfect example is depicted by a Reddit user who found 150 mg to cause significant negative effects such as an upset stomach, worsened social interaction & anxiety. The user revealed that microdosing armodafinil is great for focus – especially with the 1/8 of 150 mg tab.
The Redditor revealed that ingesting armodafinil helped him stay focused at work. In the beginning, while trying to get the perfect dosage, he started with a 150 mg dose. However, he noticed the side effects mentioned earlier including irritability and trouble sleeping. Additionally, the user avoided coffee, as it might potentiate the side effects.
According to him, 150 mg or so is great if you have a lot of tasks to do & can be left alone to focus on your job. However, it might be bad for social interaction. He began to experiment taking gradually smaller doses until he discovered one that allowed him to experience the insanely great benefits of the “smart pill” .
Here are the tips, according to him, that we think can also work great for you:
- 75 mg: it might contribute to some negative effects;
- 37.5 mg: minor anxiety can manifest in about 1–2 hours after ingestion; social interaction is unaltered compared to placebo;
- 18.75 mg: ameliorated mental focus without any negative effects; additionally, coffee works synergistically at this armodafinil dose.
An advantage of microdosing the “smart pill” is that you can use it more often, as much as 6 to 7 days/week, in the absence of developing any tolerance, major negative effects, or withdrawal.
Got the point? If you wish to microdose armodafinil, we put forward the following protocol if eager to find a dose that will reward you with desired focus-ameliorating effects or boosted productivity without experiencing any negative effects:
- start armodafinil at 50–75 mg, 3 times a week – probably skipping the following day after ingesting for your very first week; by doing so, some side effects might occur – although it rarely happens;
- if you don’t experience any negative reactions and want a greater boost in brainpower effect or productivity, increase the dose to 150 mg for the next week & track how that feels;
- if you do experience negative effects by taking armodafinil 150 mg, lower the dose to 37.5 mg or 18.75 mg in combination with coffee for the next week & monitor how you react to it.
The 50 mg usage or less is considered a microdose. Reason? The dose is underneath the therapeutic threshold. By taking it, the outcome depends on your biochemistry. Microdosing it might compel you to either gradually lower or increase the “smart pill” dosage until you attain your “sweet spot.” Indeed, scientists depict that armodafinil, just like modafinil, is well-tolerated and safe. Once you find the dosage that rewards you the best, take note of it and continue to stick with it for as long as you require its effects.
How Much Armodafinil Should You Take?
The best way to take armodafinil is according to a prescription.
However, if you are healthy and need to experience heightened cognitive effects for the first time, you are suggested to start with a lower dose as earlier said & build up gradually to a higher dose. You do this to ensure that you’re not allergic to the “smart pill” & that you can metabolize as well as eliminate it from your body successfully.
Indeed, the liver does a lot of things when you’re taking medication. Almost all meds ingested are metabolized by the liver using a set of enzymes (CYP450 isoenzymes) to break down chemicals until they’re eliminated from the body.
Everyone has unique CYP450 genes (polymorphisms). Some individuals have a stronger capability to break down certain chemicals than others. That’s the reason why some people consider drinking coffee multiple times throughout the day, while others appear to remain wired for several hours after just one cup. The body of such people is fundamentally unable to break the caffeine down as efficiently due to the CYP450 polymorphisms they were born with.
The same can come about with armodafinil — which is why it’s considered the best and safest method to ensure there are no complications with your CYP450 genes before jumping straight into a maximum 300+ mg dose. If you have difficulty metabolizing armodafinil, its upshots will last much longer, and taking higher doses will prolong its negative effects if they occur.
Additionally, if taking armodafinil every day, its plasma levels in your bloodstream can set about building up over time. So it’s best to only take the recommended dosage or not more than 300 mg when you urgently need it.
Armodafinil for Narcolepsy & ADHD
The average prescribed dose of armodafinil for both narcolepsy & ADHD is 150 mg. In some cases, it can be increased to max. 250 mg, as earlier discussed. For ADHD, patients generally administer the med daily, taking 1 or 2 days off each & every week to halt the onset of long-term negative effects.
Narcoleptic patients often don’t take any days off because this may make them undergo a notable flare-up in symptoms. This is up to the individual or a medical specialist to decide depending on how severe their symptoms are.
Armodafinil for Cognitive Enhancement
Armodafinil has several neurochemical actions in the brain, which may be related to primary effects on catecholaminergic systems such as dopamine, epinephrine (adrenaline), as well as norepinephrine (noradrenaline). These effects are in general beneficial for cognitive processes. It also elevates extracellular catecholamines, serotonin, glutamate, and histamine and activates the orexinergic system while decreasing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Due to this importance, there is now increasing evidence that armodafinil potentially augments cognitive function, particularly working memory, episodic memory, & processes requiring cognitive control.
Due to these revelations, as mentioned earlier, it is now used off-label by healthy “smart med” enthusiasts (from all walks of life) eager to augment their superb brainpower capabilities. For this purpose, armodafinil 150 mg is an average dose. However, it’s advisable to start with a lower one, e.g., 75 mg, and increase or decrease it until you find the perfect dose strength that will reward you with better cognitive effects while responding well. Ingest a tab an hour before the start of studying and make yourself focus while studying so that armodafinil effects find you in the mood, thus rewarding with imminent concentration and enhanced mental acuity. Don’t do other things. Concentrate on studying or doing the planned task.
The idea that taking armodafinil will promptly make you smarter is wrong. Its mechanism just sharpens up your vigilance, attention, focus, & motivation like super-strong coffee. There already needs to be a great desire to study or work first to bring the moods in their place coupled with the medicine to make it effective.
Recommended Dosage Schedule for Beginners Use
With impressive praises of armodafinil, you don’t have to rush to use it without consulting a doctor. Your health is paramount. So the best thing to do is to use the advice we’ve covered in this guide – maybe by microdosing it and monitoring its benefits as well as expected side effects.
If using it to treat a health condition, take it diligently according to the prescription. Do not overdose also, as too much of it can be dangerous. This med can be taken with or without food, but some food may slightly delay its onset of action.
The following table gives the recommended armodafinil dosage schedule for beginner users:
|Week||Dose||Any Negative Effects?|
|1||50–75 mg||If yes, this med may not be for you. However, you can try lower doses like 37.5 mg or 18.75 mg as discussed earlier|
|2||150 mg||If yes, resume to 50–75 mg/day|
|3||225–250 mg||If yes, try 150 mg/day or a lower dose|
|4||300 mg||If yes, try 250 mg/day or a lower dose|
|5||350 mg||If yes, resume to 300 or 250 mg/day|
|6||400 mg||If yes, resume to 350 mg/day or a lower dose|
Keep monitoring the dosage until you find the best dose that addresses your needs without major side effects. Take note that some negative symptoms can exist even with lower doses. However, adherence to prescription and consulting a doctor are the best starting point.
Where to Buy Safe Armodafinil Pills Online Without Rx?
Now that you know the benefits and dosage guidelines of this famous nootropic, where can you safely buy it? Getting it online is cheaper compared to visiting your local pharmacy where a prescription is required.
Take note that armodafinil is available in various generic versions. Artvigil and Waklert are some of the most popular ones. Buying nootropic tabs online is very easy, private, and cost-effective. All you need to do is to look for a reputable & trustworthy “smart pill” vendor you can bank on for high-quality and genuine pills sourced from approved pharmaceutical companies. As usual, we recommend the following online drugstores described below, as they are 100% legitimate and offer armodafinil at discounted prices without an Rx.
As the name suggests, this is the real armodafinil vendor. It’s vehemently competing with the industry-leading nootropic supplier – ModafinilXL. However, BuyArmodafinil does its best to satisfy its shoppers with insanely great products sourced from FDA approved pharmaceutical companies in India.
By visiting its website, you’ll find a lot of info – from its goals and customer reviews to payment options, shipping and tracking details, available discounts, best deals, and product FAQs. This online pharmacy has everything you need to know about the two world-famous nootropics – modafinil and armodafinil. It doesn’t offer fake drugs – just real pills to keep you awake and to augment your cognitive function.
To please its clients, it provides great discounts and offers like 31% off Bitcoin payments. You can also apply good coupon codes that further lower the final cost of your orders. BuyArmodafinil was formed to provide global shoppers with direct delivery of generic armodafinil & modafinil from India to their doorsteps at fair & reasonable prices – usually at the manufacturing cost – as well as free shipping if you meet its eligibility threshold. There’s no need for a doctor’s prescription or a worrisome trip to your local pharmacy with higher drug pricing!
For more info about this vendor, visit its website and get full details about its shipping options, especially the countries it doesn’t ship to, its payment methods, available discounts and offers, the refund policy, etc.
Many good things can be said about BuyModa.org. Indeed, this reputable modafinil and armodafinil vendor will make your nootropic shopping experience much easier.
For starters, BuyModa is the best “smart pill” vendor that delivers to Canada. However, parcel shipping to some other countries can be a bit challenging due to strict customs laws and drug usage regulations.
BuyModa offers insanely great western-style customer service that strives to ensure every shopper experiences a safe, secure, & pleasant buying experience when purchasing modafinil online. Also, its available products are low cost. It offers some of the best prices in the online modafinil industry. You’ll experience a great deal when ordering from BuyModa.
Like any reputable nootropic vendor, BuyModa has a guaranteed package delivery. You will get your order swiftly if it ships to your country or you’ll get a full refund or another free reshipment of the product if it gets stuck at customs. Additionally, you’ve got various payment options to choose from. When checking out, you’ll find incredible options including Visa, MasterCard, Discover, American Express, PayPal, Stripe, Bitcoin, and others.
If looking for ways to save more, BuyModa has huge modafinil discounts. For example, it offers:
- 20% off all orders placed with Bitcoin;
- 30 bonus tabs on all orders over $150;
- 20 tabs bonus of Modalert to a returning customer.
If you’re determined to get modafinil for cheap and swiftly, we recommend starting here. For more info about this vendor, we encourage you to read our other guide: “BuyModa Review: #1 Trusted Smart Drug Vendor 2021 Choice.”
ModafinilXL has emerged as the #1 nootropic vendor and has been rated as one of the most trusted & reputable sellers on the market. It stands out from its competitors due to drug pricing coupled with discounts, excellent shipping with guaranteed delivery. It has tons of pragmatic positive reviews on famous sites like Trustpilot, Yotpo, Reddit, & other forums.
Shopping with ModafinilXL is beneficial. Shoppers can enjoy profitable product discounts leading them to save money as well as get free shipping. For instance, you get 20% off when you purchase your pills using Bitcoins. Besides, returning buyers also get 10 additional nootropic tabs, while those who leave a review on Trustpilot get 20 extra nootropic pills.
MXL has a large selection of armodafinil & modafinil variants. You can order as much as you want of any of the offered nootropics & in whatever strength you want. If you are not aware whether armodafinil or modafinil is right for you, MXL has the deal –it sends you free 20 trial samples whenever you place an order. Try these samples & see which tablet you prefer.
Furthermore, MXL has ridiculously generous discounts. Just check its website for the available price-reducing coupons. If you’re a returning customer, MXL rewards you with $25 off your next order, $30 off your next order if you write for them an honest review, $35 off your next nootropic order if you can share your honest review on social media. There’s much to get from MXL. Visit its e-pharmacy and explore more before placing an order.
Also, MXL offers several options – simple, safe, and highly secure payments. It accepts payment via credit cards such as MasterCard, PayPal, Bitcoin, AmEx, and Visa.
Armodafinil delivery is 100% guaranteed. It swiftly arrives at your doorstep depending on the shipping method you choose. However, if your parcel does not arrive at your doorstep due to an armodafinil rare seizure at customs or is stuck at customs, you have two options from MXL:
- your ordered parcel will be re-shipped without extra charge;
- you will receive 100% of your money.
MXL’s shipping is fast, discreet, and affordable. Within 72 hrs of placing your nootropic order, you’ll get a parcel tracking number which you can use to track parcel shipment updates in realtime via Aftership.
Depending on your country, shipping dates for takes:
- for Express Mail Service, it costs $49 (free for product orders over $180) and takes 7-10 business days if you are ordering from the United Kingdom (you need to cover taxes & customs fees), the United States, New Zealand, or Australia & 14–30 business days if you are shopping for a nootropic from anywhere else in the world, such as Ukraine, Kenya, or Russia.
- for MXL regular Airmail Shipping (Standard shipping) which costs $39 (free on products over $130), it takes about 10-18 business days to be delivered to the said countries;
- Royal Mail UK domestic shipping takes 2 to 5 days. It cost you $49 plus 35% of your order subtotal;
- EU shipping from within the EU takes 3-7 days. It cost $49 plus 50% of your order subtotal. Choosing this method has no issues at customs. It’s 100% guaranteed delivery.
There’s much to be said about this vendor; however, we recommend that you read our ModafinilXL Review: #1 Best Legit Modafinil Provider in 2021 for full coverage of this vendor.
Now you know the right dosage of armodafinil. This drug can be extremely useful in a time when you need to foster your workflow & productivity or bid goodbye to drowsiness. Some smart individuals often use it to get a step ahead of their colleagues or competitors & to ameliorate their overall performance at work or school.
The real things about dosage are due to fear of triggering negative effects. That’s the reason why proper dosage is salient with this drug. We recommend starting at a low 50 mg or 75 mg dose, if you are a beginner, during the first few days before increasing it. The normal dosage range for armodafinil med (Artvigil & Waklert) is 50–250 mg per day. Taking this med requires you to always ensure you’re consuming enough food & water throughout the day to avoid any potential negative effects. In conclusion, finding the best vendor that offers genuine armodafinil is quite simple. We’ve presented you with the most trusted e-pharmacies, and it’s up to you to choose the best one that matches your needs. You’ve read this guide. You’ve got the tips. Happy shopping.
- Armodafinil and Modafinil Have Substantially Different Pharmacokinetic Profiles Despite Having the Same Terminal Half-Lives. By Mona Darwish, Mary Kirby, Edward T. Hellriegel, & Philmore Robertson Jr. Published: August 24, 2012. Link.springer.com.
- Armodafinil Side Effects | Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated: July 5, 2020. Retrieved: December 21, 2020. Drugs.com
- Who should not take Armodafinil? Retrieved: December 21, 2020. Webmd.com.
- Armodafinil for Sarcoidosis-Associated Fatigue: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Trial. By Elyse E. Lower, MD, Atul Malhotra, Victoria Surdulescu, and Robert P. Baughman. Published: August 20, 2012. Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.
- The efficacy and safety of armodafinil as a treatment for adults with excessive sleepiness associated with narcolepsy. By John R. Harsh, Roza Hayduk, Russell Rosenberg, et al. Published: April 2006. Pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.
- Armodafinil versus Modafinil in Patients of Excessive Sleepiness Associated with Shift Work Sleep Disorder: A Randomized Double-Blind Multicentric Clinical Trial. By D. V. Tembe, A. Dhavale, H. Desai, et al. Published: June 1, 2011. Hindawi.com.
- Pharmacodynamic effects on alertness of single doses of armodafinil in healthy subjects during a nocturnal period of acute sleep loss. By David F. Dinges, Sanjay Arora, Mona Darwish, and Gwendolyn E. Niebler. Published: January 2006. Pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.
- Armodafinil. Retrieved: December 21, 2020. Sciencedirect.com.
- R/microdosing | Microdosing Armodafinil is great for focus! (1/8 of 150 mg pill). By 5hr00m. Retrieved: December 21, 2020. Reddit.com.